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Chromium on R-Car M3 & AGL/Wayland

As my fellow igalian Antonio Gomes explained on his blog, we have recenly been working on making the master branch of Chromium run on Linux Desktop using the upstream Ozone/Wayland backend. This effort is supported by Renesas and they were interested to rely on these recent developments to showcase Chromium running on the latest generation of their R-Car systems-on-chip for automotive applications. Ideally, they were willing to see this happening for the Automotive Grade Linux distribution.

Igalia Logo
Renesas Logo

Luckily, support for R-Car M3 was already available in the development branch of AGL and the AGL instructions for R-Car M2 actually worked pretty well for M3 too mutatis mutandis. There is also an OpenEmbedded/Yocto BSP layer for Chromium but unfortunately Wayland is only supported up to m48 (using the Ozone backend from Intel’s fork) and X11 is only supported up to m52. Hence we created a (for-now-private) fork of meta-browser that:

  • Uses the latest development version of Chromium, in particular the Linux/Ozone/Mash/Wayland support Igalia has been working on recently.
  • Relies on the new GN build system rather than the deprecated GYP one.
  • Supports the ARM64 architecture instead of just ARM32.
  • Installs more resources such as Mojo service manifests.
  • Applies more patches (e.g. build fixes or the workaround for issue 2485673002).

Renesas also provided us some R-Car M3 boards. I received my package this week and hence was able to start playing with it on Wednesday. Again, the AGL instructions for R-Car M2 apply well to M3 and the elinux page is very helpful to understand the various parts of the board. After having started AGL on the board and opened a Weston terminal (using mouse & keyboard as on the video or using ssh) I was able to run chromium via the following command:

/usr/bin/chromium/chrome --mash --ozone-plaform=wayland \
                         --user-data-dir=/tmp/user-data-dir \

The first line is the usual command currently used to execute Ozone/Mash/Wayland. The second line works around the fact that the AGL demo is running as root. The third line disables sandbox because the deprecated setuid sandbox does not work with Ozone and the newer user namespaces sandbox is not supported by the AGL kernel.

The following video a gives an overview of the hardware preparation as well as some basic tests with and

You can see that chromium runs relatively smoothly but we will do more testing to confirm these initial experiments. Also, we find the general issues with Linux/Ozone/Mash (internal VS external windows, no fullscreen, keyboard restricted to US layout, unwanted ChromeOS widgets etc) but we expect to continue to collaborate with Google to fix these bugs!